Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Based on what?



My son is currently adjusting to the change of education of moving from school to university.  One of the more interesting changes of how his chosen subject (history) is talked about can really be summed up in the question "based on what?".

Up until now, most of his textbooks have included an unchallenged narrative of events and decisions in history.  It would go something like "King Ichabod marched his armies to the Crane Valley, where he fought an unsuccessful battle with rebels.  He decided to move back to a resupply point in Sleepy Hollow to regroup for a second assault".

At University, much more is expected of him, and of his materials to prove such a set of claims.  For instance,
  • How do we know he fought his battle at the Crane Valley?
  • How do we know he lost?
  • How do we know why he chose to move back to Sleepy Hollow?
These claims are based on what?  Basing them on what's been written in other books isn't a terribly strong to build your case on, you can only be as strong as the case they make.

I didn't get to study history quite as far as my son, but when I studied at advanced level, we were given this puzzle "does history really exist?".  The unnerving fact is that really it doesn't.  We can only make educated guesses at what happened X many years ago based on the evidence we have.

  • We can have confidence a battle took place at Crane Valley based on contemporary accounts (of the time).
  • If we go digging around and find grave sites and abandoned weapons - all of which match the period, that gives us more confidence (even so you tend to occasionally find some battlefields further away than they were believed to be).
  • Who won is an interesting one - we generally only read about wars from the accounts of the final winners.  And it's been known for some people to rewrite lost battles in their favour.
  • We can know something of what someone was thinking and feeling from letters they sent, their personal diaries, and speeches they gave (if recorded).  Even so, historic figures are well aware of the power of spin and self-delusion.  A defeated general on the run might well put the blame more on his troops than on himself.

Of course talking to my son, what interests me is this is key to being a good tester - to challenge the narration we're being given, by asking for proof and evidence where you can find it.  Whether for history, critical thinking or testing it's a mindset well worth exploring.

2 comments:

  1. Ass Wr Wb Saya ingin berbagi cerita kepada anda bahwa sy seorang TKW dari malaysia dan secara tidak sengaja saya buka internet dan saya melihat komentar IBU LUSI yg dari singapura tentang AKI yg telah membantu dia menjadi sukses dan akhirnya saya juga mencoba menghubungi beliau dan alhamdulillah beliau mau membantu saya untuk memberikan nomor Togel/lottrey 4D dr hasil ritual/ghaib melalui jarak jauh dan alhamdulillah itu betul-betul terbukti tembus dan menang RM.270.000 Ringgit ,kini saya kembali indon membeli rumah dan kereta walaupun sy cuma pembantu rumah tanggah di selangor malaysia, sy sangat berterimakasih kepada AKI MAULANA dan tidak lupa mengucap syukur kepada ALLAH karna melalui AKI saya juga sudah bisa se sukses ini, pesan AKI yg slalu sy ingat setiap manusia bisa menjadi kaya, hanya saja terkadang mereka tidak tahu atau salah jalan, Banyak orang menganggap bahwa miskin dan kaya merupakan bagian dari takdir, Takdir macam apa? Tuhan tidak akan memberikan takdir yang buruk terhadap kita semua, cobaan yang Tuhan berikan merupakan pembuktian seberapa kuat Anda bertahan di dalamnya. Tuhan tidak akan merubah nasib Anda jika Anda tidak berusaha untuk merubahnya sendiri, Jadi teman2 yg dalam ke susahan jgn pernah putus asah, kalau sudah waktunya tuhan pasti kasi jalan asal anda mau berusaha. AKI MAULANA adalah guru spiritual terkenal di indonesia yg bisa melakukan ritual ghaib seperti:
    1.Pesugihan bank ghaib
    2.Ritual tembus togel/lottrey
    3.Transfer janin
    4.Pelaris usaha, jodoh DLL
    jika anda ingin mengubah nasib seperti saya silahkan ☎KLIK DISINI PESUGIHAN DUNIA GHAIB



    THE STORY OF SUCCESS MOTHER RATNAH PUSPITA

    I want to share a story to you that sy a migrant worker from malaysia and i accidentally open internet and i see the comment LUSI mom from singapore about AKI who has helped him become successful and finally i also try to contact him and alhamdulillah he would help me to Give the number Togel / lottrey 4D dr ritual results / ghaib through long distance and alhamdulillah it really proved translucent and won RM.270.000 Ringgit, now I am back indon buying house and train even though sy just housemaid in selangor malaysia, sy very thankful To AKI MAULANA and do not forget to give thanks to ALLAH because through AKI I also can be this successful, AKI message which slalu sy remember every human being can become rich, only sometimes they do not know or wrong way, Many people assume that poor and rich Is a part of destiny, what kind of fate? God will not give a bad destiny to us all, God's temptation is proving how strongly you endure it.God will not change your fate if you do not try to change it yourself, So teman2 deep into tusah jgn never despair, when it's time god must be the road to where you want to try.AKI MAULANA is a famous spiritual teacher in Indonesia who can perform the occult rituals such as:
    1.Presugihan bank ghaib
    2.Ritual translucent togel / lottrey
    3.Transfer fetus
    4.Paris business, matching DLL
     If you want to change my destiny please ☎CLICK HERE WORLD WIDE GHAIB




    ReplyDelete
  2. Buat saudara punya permasalahan ekonomi: hub aki santoro,karna saya sudah membuktikan bantuan aki santoro yang berminat,hub aki santoro di nomor 0823 1294 9955, atau KLIK DI SINI

    ReplyDelete